Friday, November 17, 2017

ELDER TALK: fear of white terror.

Jessica Pare smouldered in a form-fitting Altuzarra dress with a thigh-high slit at the 10th annual Style Awards to kick off New York Fashion Week Spring 2014 at Lincoln Center.

Jaime Lee Curtis, a sensual woman. A sensitive reaction to that perception is a sudden intake of breath, and a slow departure of stability. It is an oft' repeated reaction to her appearances. It is easy to see how high one's conversation should be to be in her company. - Dawn Wolf, Keeper of Stories 

"... Intelligent reactions to the pulse of attraction requires maturity. Men cannot be allowed to remain in the lower extremities of awareness, but society does. With the recent outpouring of emboldened women coming forward against powerful white men's past sexual misdeeds the right focus is not where it should be, as women gain courage in each small step towards freedom away from their permanent fear.

The fear is deep of white men.

I am waiting, as well as other Elders, for the one voice to come forward and open the way to unearthing the historical perspective starting from Europe! It won't happen. White women aren't unleashed from the tethers of their collective past lives! ..." - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories 11/17/17 

Long life of an Osage woman.

Maria Tallchief's life was between these two points: Jan 24, 1925 - Apr 11, 2013 In 88 years she produced life giving gifts of dance, creativity and beyond that established links with her ancestors of the Osage nation and those who conquered her people and expanded the whole of the modern world of dance, of ballet!

How do you live? How do you plan to live? Do you plan on living as expansive energies, or trembling underneath the fear of doing, of becoming? It is a choice; it is all a choice as vital as living or dying with breath. - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories (Creek nation with African blood)
Maria Tallchief, Osage prima ballerina born 1925. photo by Vic Casamento.

Maria Tallchief, who, while she didn’t want to be defined by her Osage roots, was also very proud of them, resisting pressure to change her name to a faux-Russian “Tallchieva.” In the obituary for the ballet superstar who died last week at 88, Sarah Halzack captures a remarkable life story spanning from an Oklahoma Indian reservation to Beverly Hills High School to Monte Carlo to a globe-trotting with first husband George Balenchine, the legendary choreographer who wed some of the best ballerinas in the business over the years. With him, she helped revive the formerly obscure “Nutcracker” into a holiday classic, as she became the defining Sugar Plum Fairy. Read this: Maria Tallchief, ballet star who was inspiration for Balenchine, dies at 88.

Reliable Source

Maria Tallchief was considered America’s first major Prima Ballerina.

“Above all, I wanted to be appreciated as a prima ballerina who happened to be a Native American, never as someone who was an American Indian ballerina.” ~ Maria Tallchief, prima ballerina 

Our Feet, Our Stance!

2 women dancing freely with abandon!

Ballet dancer's feet.

Ballet dancer's feet, the structure of

Audrey Hepburn in the Belgian Congo by Leo Fuchs (1959).

Thursday, November 16, 2017

At the root of American culture...

dancer Chloe Arnold !!!!

dancer, pioneer ballerina, Janet Collins.

Janet Faye Collins, was one of the first African American dancers who paved the way for modern day classical dancers such as the ballerina Misty Copeland

dancers from back in the day

In the roots of American culture is the African, and the hundreds of the Red nations. Without us there is only mere brutality! - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories [November 16, 2017] 

Between Buffalo and Man

When the Buffalo first came to be upon the land, they were not friendly to the people. When the hunters tried to coax them over the cliffs for the good of the villages, they were reluctant to offer themselves up. They did not relish being turned into blankets and dried flesh for winter rations. They did not want their hooves and horn to become tools and utensils nor did they welcome their sinew being used for sewing. "No, no," they said. We won't fall into your traps. And we will not fall for your tricks." So when the hunters guided them towards the abyss, they would always turn aside at the very last moment. With this lack of cooperation, it seemed the villagers would be hungry and cold and ragged all winter long. 

Now one of the hunters' had a daughter who was very proud of her father's skill with the bow. During the fullness of summer, he always brought her the best of hides to dress, and she in turn would work the deerskins into the softest, whitest of garments for him to wear. Her own dresses were like the down of a snow goose, and the moccasins she made for the children and the grandmothers in the village were the most welcome of gifts.

But now with the hint of snow on the wind, and deer becoming more scarce in the willow breaks, she could see this reluctance on the part of the Buffalo families could become a real problem.

Hunter's Daughter decided she would do something about it. She went to the base of the cliff and looked up. She began to sing in a low, soft voice, "Oh, Buffalo family, come down and visit me. If you come down and feed my relatives in a wedding feast, I will join your family as the bride of your strongest warrior."

She stopped and listened. She thought she heard the slight rumbling sound of thunder in the distance. Again she sang, "Oh, Buffalo family, come down and visit me. Feed my family in a wedding feast so that I may be a bride."

The thunder was much louder now. Suddenly the Buffalo family began falling from the sky at her feet. One very large bull landed on top of the others, and walked across the backs of his relatives to stand before Hunter's Daughter.

"I am here to claim you as my bride," said Large Buffalo.

"Oh, but now I am afraid to go with you," said Hunter's Daughter.

"Ah, but you must," said Large Buffalo, "For my people have come to provide your people with a wedding feast. As you can see, they have offered themselves up."

"Yes, but I must run and tell my relatives the good news," said Hunter's Daughter. "No," said Large Buffalo. No word need be sent. You are not getting away so easily."

And with that said, Large Buffalo lifted her between his horns and carried her off to his village in the rolling grass hills.

The next morning the whole village was out looking for Hunter's Daughter. When they found the mound of Buffalo below the cliff, the father, who was in fact a fine tracker as well as a skilled hunter, looked at his daughter's footprints in the dust.

"She's gone off with a Buffalo, he said. I shall follow them and bring her back."

So Hunter walked out upon the plains, with only his bow and arrows as companions. He walked and walked a great distance until he was so tired that he had to sit down to rest beside a Buffalo wallow.

Buffalo by Val Warner

Along came Magpie and sat down beside him. Hunter spoke to Magpie in a respectful tone, "O knowledgeable bird, has my daughter been stolen from me by a Buffalo? Have you seen them? Can you tell me where they have gone?"

Magpie replied with understanding, "Yes, I have seen them pass this way. They are resting just over this hill."

"Well," said Hunter, would you kindly take my daughter a message for me? Will you tell her I am here just over the hill?"

So Magpie flew to where Large Buffalo lay asleep amidst his relatives in the dry prairie grass. He hopped over to where Hunter's Daughter was quilling moccasins, as she sat dutifully beside her sleeping husband. "Your father is waiting for you on the other side of the hill," whispered Magpie to the maiden.

"Oh, this is very dangerous," she told him. These Buffalo are not friendly to us and they might try to hurt my father if he should come this way. Please tell him to wait for me and I will try to slip away to see him."

Just then her husband, Large Buffalo, awoke and took off his horn. "Go bring me a drink from the wallow just over this hill," said her husband.

So she took the horn in her hand and walked very casually over the hill. Her father motioned silently for her to come with him, as he bent into a low crouch in the grass. "No," she whispered. The Buffalo are angry with our people who have killed their people. They will run after us and trample us into the dirt. I will go back and see what I can do to soothe their feelings."

And so Hunter's daughter took the horn of water back to her husband who gave a loud snort when he took a drink. The snort turned into a bellow and all of the Buffalo got up in alarm. They all put their tails in the air and danced a Buffalo Dance over the hill, trampling the poor man to pieces who was still waiting for his daughter near the Buffalo wallow.

His daughter sat down on the edge of the wallow and broke into tears.

"Why are you crying?" said her Buffalo husband.

"You have killed my father and I am a prisoner, besides," she sobbed.

"Well, what of my people?" her husband replied. We have given our children, our parents and some of our wives up to your relatives in exchange for your presence among us. A deal is a deal."

But after some consideration of her feelings, Large Buffalo knelt down beside her and said to her, "If you can bring your father back to life again, we will let him take you back home to your people." So Hunter's Daughter started to sing a little song. "Magpie, Magpie help me find some piece of my father which I can mend back whole again."

Magpie appeared and sat down in front of her with his head cocked to the side. "Magpie, Magpie, please see what you can find," she sang softly to the wind which bent the grasses slightly apart. Magpie cocked his head to the side and looked carefully within the layered folds of the grasses as the wind sighed again. Quickly he picked out a piece of her father that had been hidden there, a little bit of bone. "That will be enough to do the trick," said Hunter's Daughter, as she put the bone on the ground and covered it with her blanket.

And then she started to sing a reviving song that had the power to bring injured people back to the land of the living. Quietly she sang the song that her grandmother had taught her. After a few melodious passages, there was a lump under the blanket. She and Magpie looked under the blanket and could see a man, but the man was not breathing. He lay cold as stone. So Hunter's Daughter continued to sing, a little softer, and a little softer, so as not to startle her father as he began to move.

When he stood up, alive and strong, the Buffalo people were amazed. They said to Hunter's Daughter, "Will you sing this song for us after every hunt? We will teach your people the Buffalo Dance, so that whenever you dance before the hunt, you will be assured a good result. Then you will sing this song for us, and we will all come back to live again."

Tribe unknown

Buffalo dancers

A Look at Ladies.

Asian woman looking good in black mini skirt !!!!

Danica Collins in a large garden.

Lady with pretty legs!

[Look at the] hot summer dress as rapture around Lesley-Anne Down's body in a way a poet could not find words to capture the feel of her exquisite and delicate beauty. - Dawn Wolf, Keeper of Stories 8.23.16

Seated in a rattan chair proud!

"Enough words have not been expressed by men to capture the feel women give us by their presence, appearance and the comfort within who they are to us!" - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories 8/29/17

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Excellence in High Places!

Michelle Obama at Princeton University.

Michelle Obama on tour of South Africa
and Botswana. 2011.

Michelle Obama receiving an Honorary Doctorate from Jackson State University, in Jackson, Mississippi.
She also was the speaker at the 2016 Spring graduation.

Michelle Obama’s Style After the White House

October 26, 2017

Michelle Obama has always captured our attention when it came to her choices in fashion with good reason, and after leaving the White House her style continues to shine. Former President Barack Obama has stated that she is the embodiment of grace, grit and style...  

Michelle Obama presented the Arthur Ashe Courage Award at the 2017 ESPY Awards on July 12, 2017 wearing a Cushnie et Ochs dress. She wore two Hearts of Fire rings worth over $20,000!

Michelle Obama during a live conversation with The Women's Foundation of Colorado President and CEO Lauren Y. Casteel in Denver, Colorado on July 25, 2017. 

Blend of hard with softness.

Jamie Lee Curtis's full breasts in sheer black dress.

Jamie Lee Curtis in heels and hat!

Purple, as it defines!

Elegant European Lady!

Monica Bellucci in 2016 in a hotel lobby somewhere in the world.

purple worn by Emily Marilyn.

Paris Hilton in purple dress.

the Deeper Question.

Serenely beautiful in her youth. Wonder what is next?

What Is In The Middle?

Sitting in the rubble of a past life. . .

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Lynching in America [3]

Lynching in America: Targeting Black Veterans

. . . Mistreatment of black soldiers and veterans was not restricted to the South. Johnson C. Whittaker, who was born into slavery in South Carolina in 1858, was appointed to the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, in 1876 as one of the first black cadets in the academy’s history. On April 6, 1880, Mr. Whittaker was found unconscious and bloody on the floor of his dorm, wearing only his underwear. His legs had been bound together and tied to his bed, and his arms were tied tightly together at the wrists. He recounted that three masked white men had jumped on him while he slept, tied him up, choked him, struck him in the head, bloodied his nose, broken a mirror on his forehead, and cut his ear lobes while saying, “Let’s mark him like they do hogs down South.”30

Two days before the attack, Mr. Whittaker had received an anonymous note reading, “You will be fixed. Better keep awake.” Rather than condemn the attack, West Point administrators claimed Mr. Whittaker had staged it himself and court-martialed him. The prosecutor relied on notions of black inferiority and argued, “Negroes are noted for their ability to sham and feign.”31 Mr. Whitaker was convicted and expelled from West Point.

That same decade, a mob of 50 whites from Sun River, Montana, lynched Robert Robinson, a black soldier stationed nearby at Fort Shaw.32 Mr. Robinson was a member of the 25th Infantry, an all-black unit that had been transferred to Montana from South Dakota just weeks earlier. Mr. Robinson had been arrested for allegedly shooting and killing a man. Before he could be tried, masked men entered the jail, demanded the key, took Mr. Robinson from his cell, and brought him to the alley behind Stone’s Store, where a mob lynched him and left his body hanging over the alleyway.33

During the lynching era, white mobs regularly lynched black people with total impunity, facing no consequences for committing murder even when the victim was an active duty American serviceman. Black soldiers stationed in unfamiliar and predominately white areas were especially at risk of being presumed dangerous and guilty, accused of a social transgression or crime, and lynched without an investigation or trial.

On August 19, 1898, Private James Neely of the 25th Infantry — an all-black regiment that had just returned from heralded service in Cuba during the Spanish-American War — visited the small town of Hampton, Georgia, on a day pass from his post at Fort Hobson. Newspapers reported that Private Neely came into Hampton wearing his blue uniform and bayonet at his side; yet when he entered the local drug store and ordered a soda at the counter, the white owner told him black customers had to order and drink outside in the rear. Private Neely protested, the two men argued, and Private Neely was thrown out of the store and onto the street outside, where the conflict attracted attention. As Private Neely continued to insist that he had rights as an American and a soldier, a crowd of armed white men gathered and chased him down the road, firing their weapons. Private Neely was later found dead of gunshot wounds. A local coroner’s jury promptly declared that the murder had been committed by unknown parties. According to the Atlanta Constitution, army officials did not immediately respond or make arrangements to retrieve Private Neely’s remains.34

Some lynchings of veterans during this era were public spectacle events — brutal displays of violence attended by hundreds or thousands of white men, women, and children.

After serving at Fort Huachuca, Arizona Territory, Spanish-American War veteran Fred Alexander returned home to Leavenworth, Kansas, where, on January 15, 1901, a mob burned him at the stake. Two months earlier, the murdered body of a 19-year-old white woman named Pearl Forbes had been found in a Leavenworth ravine, stoking local whites’ outrage over recent unsupported rumors about black men raping white women. Though local police’s working assumption was that Ms. Forbes was killed during a robbery gone awry, and a medical examination showed that Ms. Forbes had not been sexually assaulted, a coroner’s jury declared without any basis that she had been strangled “for the purpose of rape.” Local newspapers fanned the flames by running sensational reports that a predator had stalked Ms. Forbes, “forced her down into the ravine, outraged her, and then killed her.”35

As fears of black sexual predators reached a fever's pitch, Fred Alexander was accused of assaulting a different white woman, and before that allegation could be investigated, the authorities charged him with the murder of Pearl Forbes. For several days, a mob of thousands stalked Mr. Alexander as he was transferred from jail to jail. Mr. Alexander refused to confess to murder, but the local press — seemingly determined to fuel the mob’s rage — nonetheless printed unsupported claims that the police had learned during their questioning of Mr. Alexander that a group of black men had choked Ms. Forbes, carried her to a shanty, and taken turns raping her.36

A vigilante committee soon decided to lynch Mr. Alexander. Local officials cooperated with the lynch mob and posted official announcements of the lynching all over the city. When the scheduled time arrived, the mob broke into the jail and attacked Mr. Alexander with a hatchet before dragging him from his cell. In the gruesome lynching that followed, participants mutilated Mr. Alexander; castrated him, likely while he was still alive; and took parts of his body as souvenirs. The mob took the dying man to the ravine, chained him to an iron stake, doused him with some 22 gallons of kerosene or oil, and set him on fire before a crowd of thousands.37

Whites terrorized and traumatized black veterans during the first decades of the era of racial terror in order to maintain the system of racial insubordination that existed during slavery and to carry that deadly ideology into the 20th century.

[to be continued.]

Colored Soldiers of the 369th Infantry who won the Croix de Guerre for gallantry in action, 1919.

Colored men at the bar at Palm Tavern on 47th Street, Chicago, Illinois, April 1941 by Russell Lee, from the New York Public Library.

Her Birthday.

Kathleen Hughes (born November 14, 1928) is an American film, stage, and television actress
from Hollywood, California seated here in 1954. 

Kathleen Hughes (born November 14, 1928) is an American film, stage, and television actress from Hollywood, California.


Marilyn Monroe rivals the darker women I appreciate.

"It is remarkable how Marilyn Monroe stays front and center in the limelight she created being Marilyn Monroe, and being beautiful in ways that contradicted the mores of a society, itself conflicted about its own morality concerning women!" - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories [6/24/17]

Marilyn Monroe's influence lives on...

older the woman, deeper the pleasure of knowing.

Old lady's contemplative beauty. Iris V. Arnim by David Goltz

Pussy teaches men. The better man learns, the weaker man only comes. - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories

"A rugged white woman in brown buckle boots, blue skinny jeans, with a black zipper jacket makes for an approachable look that men love, if she embraces a balanced understanding of place, her place. " - Dawn Wolf, Keeper of Stories 8/21/17 

Older women, who like themselves, like to give to themselves sensual experiences that enchant the men who want them close. - Dawn Wolf, Keeper of Stories 8/21/17

Monday, November 13, 2017

for the beauty of. . .

Les plus belles photo de Romy Schneidner

Lucy Lawless' flawless beauty of face.

Lisa Kudrow, actress !!!!

Linzie Janis, ABC news correspondent !!!!

Study of ourselves, our Women.

FIRST Woman, ascension. artist unknown, unnamed. Sorry. 

Fighting woman from a West African nation.

Fake hair, (for those few who do), fake eye lids, fake nails tell what story on a Black woman physically defined with an enviable body. It is a solid question the answer to will be revelatory. - Dawn Wolf, Keeper of Stories

First Lady Michelle Obama on the grounds of the White House.

Lynching in America [2.]

Fighting for Freedom: The Civil War and its Aftermath

When 11 Southern states seceded from the Union to form the Confederate States of America and sparked the Civil War in 1861, they made no secret of their ultimate aim:  to preserve the institution of slavery. In the words of Alexander H. Stephens, vice president of the Confederacy, the ideological “cornerstone” of the new nation they sought to form was that “the negro is not equal to the white man” and “slavery and subordination to the superior race is his natural and moral condition.”10

Congress officially authorized the Union army to accept black soldiers on July 17, 1862. But national leaders largely considered the Civil War “a white man’s war” and the Union was reluctant to use black soldiers in combat. Northern military personnel, politicians, and President Abraham Lincoln himself expressed fear that armed black soldiers would ruin white soldiers’ morale, be harmful to the war effort, or as one Ohio Congressman warned, prove so essential that victory would weaken white supremacy. “If you make [the black man] the instrument by which your battles are fought, the means by which your victories are won,” the congressman argued in his plea against black soldiers in combat, “you must treat him as a victor is entitled to be treated, with all decent and becoming respect.”11

As the war dragged on and the Union incurred more casualties,12 objections to black combat troops faded. The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which applied only to those enslaved in the Confederate states, provided that black soldiers would be accepted into all military positions.13
The navy gained 19,000 black sailors and 179,000 black men joined the army, making up 10 percent of its troops. Some 40,000 were killed fighting for the United States.14

Black Union soldiers included men who had been free in the North before the war, black men who had lived free in the South in the midst of slavery, and some who escaped slavery after the war began and joined the fight in hopes of guaranteeing their freedom and winning that of others. But acceptance into the military did not mean equal treatment. As the war against the Confederacy raged, black soldiers also had to fight for equal pay and rations that the War Department promised during recruitment. A black soldier from Pennsylvania reported that his unit was overcome with despair upon learning they would be paid less than white soldiers, and many protested by refusing to accept any payment. Despite protests and pleas from leaders including Frederick Douglass, Congress refused to pass legislation equalizing black and white soldiers’ pay until 1864.15

Black participation was far less common, more complicated, and more staunchly resisted on the other side of the conflict. The Confederacy was based on a belief in white supremacy and black inferiority and a commitment to continue slavery. The Confederate army refused to enlist or arm black soldiers even as the turning tide of the war led some Confederates to urge that enslaved black people should be ordered to fight just as they were ordered to work. Some enslaved black men were taken to the battlefield as servants for Confederate officers, but formal black enlistment in the Confederate army was prohibited until a desperate and largely inconsequential act of the Confederate Congress authorized black Confederate military service on March 13, 1865, just weeks before the Confederacy surrendered. As historian Leon Litwack wrote:
Few slaves were ever enlisted [in the Confederate Army], and none of them apparently had the opportunity to fight. Had the Confederacy managed to raise a black army, it would seem unlikely, particularly after 1863, that it could have fought with the same sense of commitment and self-pride that propelled the black troops in the Union Army. When he first heard of the act to recruit blacks for the Confederate Army, a Virginia freedman recalled, he had suddenly found himself unable to restrain his emotions. “They asked me if I would fight for my country. I said, ‘I have no country.’”16
The Civil War ended with the Confederacy’s surrender in the spring of 1865. The formal, nationwide end of slavery came in December 1865 with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which prohibits slavery “except as punishment for crime.” The legal instruments that ended racialized chattel slavery in America nonetheless did nothing to address the myth of racial hierarchy that sustained slavery. Black people were free under the law, but that did not mean whites recognized them as fully human. Nationwide but particularly in the South, white identity was grounded in the belief that whites are inherently superior to African Americans.

After the war, whites reacted violently to the notion that they would now have to treat their former human property as equals and pay for their labor. In numerous recorded incidents, plantation owners attacked black people simply for claiming their freedom.17 Many surviving black veterans returned to the South, where they had lived — many in the status of slave — before the war. Carrying hopes of starting farms and finding loved ones lost for years or even decades, these veterans frequently faced grave danger from violent attacks and racist laws designed to restore the racial hierarchy. The success of African Americans as trained soldiers challenged the idea that black people were fit only for servitude and undermined a central tenet of white supremacy. With their military training, black soldiers “represented both a viable alternative source of community leadership and a direct physical threat to white supremacy when they came home.”18

After a brief period, the victorious federal government gave up on Reconstruction and withdrew from the South in 1877, abandoning its duty to protect newly freed black people and enforce the citizenship rights they now held. Exploitative systems of convict leasing and sharecropping impeded economic progress and returned many black people to a status very similar to slavery. President Andrew Johnson took office following President Lincoln’s assassination and adopted policies that opposed black voting rights, restored Confederates’ citizenship, and allowed Southern former rebels to reestablish white supremacy and dominate black people with impunity.19

The Fourteenth Amendment, which was ratified in 1868, established that all persons born in the United States, regardless of race, are full citizens of the United States and the of the states in which they reside, and are entitled to the “privileges and immunities” of citizenship, including due process. Though a hopeful development, the Supreme Court quickly dismantled the amendment’s promise in The Slaughterhouse Cases and U.S. v. Cruikshank.20 As a result, African Americans accused of violating the racial order were met with violence and terror; they received little protection from local officials, and they had no claim to federal assistance.

Black veterans were seen as a particularly strong threat to racial hierarchy and were an early target of discriminatory state laws. To eliminate black gun ownership, which had reached unprecedented levels during the war due to black military service, states including Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi passed laws that made it a crime for an African American to possess a firearm.21

Florida’s Black Code of 1866 prohibited black people from possessing “any Bowie-knife, dirk, sword, firearms or ammunition of any kind” and made violations punishable by public whipping.22 Mississippi’s statute declared “that no freedman, free negro or mulatto, not in the military service of the United States government, and not licensed so to do by the board of police of his or her country, shall keep or carry fire-arms of any kind, or any ammunition, dirk or bowie knife.” Whites were free to own and carry firearms, but law enforcement officials were stationed at train stations to seize black veterans’ guns when they arrived; veterans who did not comply were beaten and some were even shot by police.23

Southern newspapers fueled whites’ fears of black veterans by publishing sensational accounts of so-called “race wars”: conflicts between supposedly innocent white police and drunk and armed former black soldiers intent on starting trouble. In May 1866, after whites attacked the black community in Memphis in what became known as the Memphis Massacre, the white-owned Memphis Argus published an editorial blaming the massacre on black gun ownership. The editorial board wrote:
Again the irrepressible conflict of races has broken out in our midst, and again our streets are stained with blood. And this time, there can be no mistake about it; the whole blame of this most tragical [sic] and bloody riot lies, as usual, with the poor, ignorant, deluded blacks. . . . [W]e cannot suffer the occasion to pass without again calling the attention of the authorities to the indispensable necessity of disarming these poor creatures, who have so often shown themselves utterly unfit to be trusted with firearms. On this occasion the facts all go to show that but for this much-abused privilege accorded to them by misguided and misjudging friends, there would have been no riot . . . The universal questions asked on all corners of the streets is, “Why are not the negroes disarmed?”24
The violence in Memphis is now widely acknowledged as a racially-motivated massacre. Dozens of black people were raped, injured, or killed, and many black homes, churches, and schools were destroyed by fire. The two white casualties were killed by white rioters.25

As the white Southern press decried their access to weapons and state legislatures strived to disarm them, black veterans were in dire need of protection.26 In 1868, the Secretary of War reported to Congress that black soldiers in Kentucky, “[h]aving served in the Union Army, were the special objects of persecution, and in hundreds of instances have been driven from their homes.”27 Peter Branford, a United States Colored Troops veteran, was shot and killed “without cause or provocation” in Mercer County, Kentucky, while numerous other veterans were threatened, beaten, and whipped merely for attempting to locate their families and rebuild their lives after the war.

At Bardstown in Nelson County, Kentucky, a mob brutally lynched a United States Colored Troops veteran. The mob stripped him of his clothes, beat him, and then cut off his sexual organs. He was then forced to run half a mile to a bridge outside of town, where he was shot and killed. The terror inflicted upon black veterans by Southern whites served to perpetuate the racial caste system and maintain power in the hands of whites after the defeat of the Confederacy.29

[to be continued
Colored soldiers. The 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry at the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, South Carolina, 1863.

Learn More: Houston Riot of 1917

Created From Within

FIRST Woman, ascension. Who is the artist? Anyone know?

Reverence stirred the right direction reverses the process of supremacy in the story of the First Woman, for example, and how she was treated by white women over the centuries. When this happens it will be when the answer to the question: "When is enough, enough?" comes from the pain, the depth of women's angst. Even Black women interlocked into white women's dichotomies have to ask the question!

These things I have learned over time, and times passed. - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories 6/23/17

asana held by a powerfully built Black woman.

A man studies, or sees a woman from without while she, from within sees the man looking at her. It is a riddle, and a revelation at the same time the truth of the two natures needing each other to explore each other. This dynamic between the two primary energies isn't made through deviancy; it is through the veil. - Gregory E. Woods, Keeper of Stories (June 23, 2017)