|Kutenai men, woman and girls at camp probably in Montana, 1901.|
During the eighteenth century, the Kootenai acquired the horse and began hunting buffalo on the Plains, adopting much of Plains culture. Shortly after initial contact around 1800, Canadian traders built Kootenai House, a trading post. More traders, including Christianized Iroquois, as well as missionaries soon followed. Despite the Kootenais’ avoidance of much overt conflict with whites, they suffered dramatic population declines during these years, primarily as a result of disease and alcohol abuse. The formal establishment of the international boundary in 1846 divided the tribe over time. - anon.
|Mangus, son of Chief Mangas Coloradas of the Warm Springs Apache posing in 1883.|
"I knew his grand daughter Nellie before she passed in her 90s. I was married to one of her grandsons. Nellie was INCREDIBLE! She picked me to tell who she really was & tell her story. She looked exactly like her grandfather. She had been born in the Chihuahua Mountains while the people were up there hiding. They stayed up there for years until they finally made their way into Arizona. WHAT a Woman! When she crossed over, I sent this photo to her funeral, so all her decendants could see with their own eyes, who she was, & who they are. They believe her now!...lol You Go Girl." - Paris Hairston